ESWL is very effective for the kidney stones. Once the stone pass down the Ureter, it causes severe pain and in most cases Hospitalization and expensive surgery is required.
After ESWL, some patients may notice blood stained urine, which usually resolves within a day. Some patients may suffer abdominal pain (Ureteric Colic); this is because of the passage of stone fragments down the ureter into the bladder. This pain generally responds to simple analgesics prescribed by an Urologist.
In most cases, lithotripsy is done as an outpatient basis. No hospitalisation is required. Many people can fully resume daily activities within a day
Based on the chemical composition of the stones, about 90% of the stones can be treated with ESWL. Based on the stone size, stones that are smaller than 2 cm can be treated with ESWL. The treatment may not be effective in very large stones.
The procedure is very minimally painful, most of the patients can tolerate the procedure without any anesthesia. However, the procedure has to be done under anesthesia for children.
The patient will be positioned on a Lithotripsy table. A soft water filled cushion will be placed on to the patients abdomen or back. Using Ultrasound Machine, the body is positioned so that the stone can be targeted precisely with the shock wave. Each sitting will last for about 45-60 minutes. The complete treatment takes about 2-3 sittings, with a 2 weeks gap between each sitting.
Extracorporeal - From outside the body
Litho - Stone
Tripsy - Crush
Extracorporeal Sock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) is the most common and non invasive treatment for kidney stones. Electromagnetic Shock Waves from outside the body are targeted at a kidney stone causing the stone to fragment. The stones are broken down into tiny pieces, which subsequently will pass out over a period of time.